What Are the 4 Factors That Affect Good Plant Growth?

Growing your plant will require you to have a better understanding of its four growth factors. Although we learn from school that plants need water, sunlight and soil, the more accurate set of growth factors are light, water, nutrients and temperature. The combination of these four will vary from plant to plant, depending on their species and your local climate.

Understanding the four growth factors for plants

Different species of plants will require a unique mixture of the four factors mentioned above. Some plants, like succulents, don’t need as much water since they come from tropical climates. Other plants will require a particular lighting spectrum to ensure that they receive just the right amount of nutrients. Having a better understanding of these four factors will ensure that your plant grows lush and green. 

If you want to raise healthy greenery, let’s discuss these four factors in-depth below:

1. Temperature

It’s common for most people to undermine the impact of temperature on growing plants. Since store-bought plants are already past their vulnerable stages, they don’t appear as susceptible to temperature changes. However, the environment’s climate plays an essential role in a plant’s survival, regardless of its age. Warmer temperatures generally trigger chemical reactions like respiration and photosynthesis. Plants that aren’t native to colder climates may need extra heating to ensure that they won’t slow down their life processes.

2. Light

Plants around the world receive sunlight differently, depending on their surrounding environments. For example, plants born in tropical areas develop adaptation techniques to maximise as much light as they can get. The amount of light your plant receives tells them the changing of the seasons. Some seasonal plants won’t grow unless they have the right lighting conditions to stimulate their dormancy. Keep this in mind when choosing what plant species to place on your lawn.

If you’re building an indoor garden, you will have more flexibility on what plants you want to grow. However, you need to consider their particular growing conditions by matching them with artificial means. This means you may need to provide sun lamps to keep them strong and healthy.

3. Water

As mentioned above, different species of plants will have to require varying watering conditions. Plants are close to being 90 percent water, which makes them more dependent on it than humans. It hydrates them and breaks down the minerals that are present in the soil. However, be mindful of your watering habits since too much watering can flood and kill your plants.

4. Nutrients

All in all, plants need 17 nutrients to survive, with the first three coming from air and water. Removing oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen out of the equation, you only need to account for 14 more nutrients that will come from the soil or other nutrient delivery methods. For example, hydroponics is a soil-less method that utilises nutrient-rich water as plant boosters.  

Like humans, different plants need a specific set of nutrients to stay healthy. Your plant can develop diseases if it’s missing macro and micronutrients. For example, blossom end rot occurs on tomatoes that don’t receive enough calcium. This allows bacteria and viruses to make them sick. This is why it’s necessary to understand what nutrients your plants need.


Growing your first garden, or handling your first plant, can be just as complicated as owning a pet. Unlike a living creature, plants won’t give you apparent indicators of whether they’re feeling sick or unwell. This is why it’s best to learn as much as possible about your plant’s specific needs. Doing your plant growth research will go a long way in ensuring your plant’s long lifespan.

Some plants need to have an extra push if you want them to grow correctly. At Moonshine Global, we can supply you with natural plant growth enhancers in the UK. Browse through our online catalogue of products for more gardening essentials, such as foliar sprays and soil nutrient enhancers!