The Different Plant Nutrient Deficiencies and Their Symptoms

Despite the efficiencies in modern-day plant farming methods, there are still difficulties surrounding the growth of organic matter in controlled environments. Hydroponic systems are popular ways to grow plants, offering a great way to grow vegetables for easy harvesting. Not all systems will work well if they are not set up correctly, which is why introducing the proper soil nutrient enhancers will do wonders for your plants. 

Hydroponic plant enhancers are what you need to keep indoor crops growing strong and healthy for best yields. Remember that just like any living organism on earth, plants also experience deficiencies in nutrients that can stunt growth or damage plant fibres. Here are some nutrient deficiencies that are present in many plants, and are often common in hydroponic systems:

Phosphorus

With a lack of this nutrient, plants may appear a dark-ish green with a slightly reddish tone. Old leaves will be yellow and will dry to dark green. When the soil is acidic, this can cause plants to absorb less phosphorus, so be sure to measure the pH levels of the planting medium before beginning. 

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is essential for plants to be strong and healthy. They usually get these from the air around them, but sometimes they can lack this due to an excessive amount of chloride. When this happens, plants will be light green, and the leaves may start to yellow and turn brown when dried up. 

Magnesium

When more matured leaves become yellow at the edges but remain green in the middle, and you notice that the rest of the plant is unaffected, this can be a magnesium deficiency. Calcium or potassium can cause a deficiency either alone or combined. This lack of magnesium is fixable by having a proper multi-purpose plant food to promote healthy growth.

Potassium 

Plants that are deficient in potassium usually have an excess of calcium, magnesium, nitrogen, and sodium flowing into them. These will cause a necrotic effect, resulting in a wilted or scorched appearance to the plant’s edges. The damages are typically seen on leaves and not the entire crop. 

Copper

Copper deficiencies manifest in necrotic leaves that look distorted. It takes on a blue-green tone as the plant’s growth is stunted, which is caused by an excessive amount of molybdenum and phosphorus. 

Iron

When new leaves have veins that show chlorosis and have shortened stems, these are some visuals that show an iron deficiency. Like many other lacking nutrients, too little iron in plants can be caused by nutrients like molybdenum, nitrogen, bicarbonate, nickel, phosphorus, and zinc to be excessively present. 

Calcium

Calcium deficiencies manifest in necrotic or distorted growth in plants despite the terminal bud surviving. When new leaves grow with distorted edges, this means that too much potassium and magnesium is found in the planting medium, causing the lack of calcium.

Manganese

This nutrient deficiency gives off necrotic spots on the plant leaves, with the stems shortened and giving off an odd growth. The cause of this lack of manganese may be due to an overpowering of phosphorus and iron. 

Sulphur

A lack of sulphur can cause leaves to be chlorotic, which spreads to the entirety of the plant. Excess chloride is often the cause of a sulphur deficiency and can kill the plant quickly. 

Conclusion

Many of these nutrient deficiencies in hydroponic plants can be fixed by a multi-purpose plant food that enhances the quality of the planting medium for better growth. Plants in hydroponic systems still take nutrients from their roots, and offering them healthier soil to absorb nutrients from is essential. Quality of development depends on many factors, and in hydroponic plant systems, these can be a more daunting task when it comes to maintaining overall plant health. 

Moonshine Global provides hydroponic system owners with a brewed plant bio-stimulant called Moonshine. This multi-purpose plant food can supplement improved growth and better crop harvest health. For a new way to keep plants healthy and sustained, choose Moonshine Global’s products.