Choosing the right food for your plants isn’t a decision growers can make on a whim. Plants require the appropriate sustenance, especially since the nutrients vary depending on the specific medium. In this article, we’ll be focusing on the necessary compounds for hydroponic growing.
What are Hydroponics Nutrients?
Farmers have complete control over a hydroponic system, which means that the number of nutrients and pH levels within the production adjusts according to their discretion. With that in mind, the nutrient solutions typically start at 10% nitrogen, 5% phosphorus, and 5% potassium.
Those who want to facilitate healthy growth should focus on nitrogen while enhancing the development of roots and flowers depends on the percentage of phosphorus. Meanwhile, potassium is responsible for better photosynthesis and cultivation of the roots.
Keep in mind that these are just base nutrients and that you will need to add other supporting compounds in a hydroponic set-up. Not to mention, the ratio of your N-P-K solution will vary as your focus shifts throughout the plant’s growth cycle.
What are the Different Types of Hydroponic Nutrients?
1. Hydroponic Nutrient: Flushing
Flushing your plants using a hydroponic medium means that you have to stop the nutrient-filled diet four to seven days before harvest. Flushing your plants is necessary as the nutrients naturally store within the plants, which results in bitter, artificial, and overall unpleasant flavours.
Feeding your plants some water with a flushing agent can help wash away the heavy metals and chemical salts that stain the taste of your plants, leaving your crop with a clean and refreshing essence.
If you notice any nutrient burns developing at the plant’s tips, it means you should cut back on your flushing agent and use pure water as a quick fix to your plant’s homeostasis.
2. Hydroponic Nutrient: Root Stimulants
Root stimulants, as the moniker suggests, focus on enhancing the size and growth rate of plant roots. This additive is tailor-made to help foster better nutrient uptake for plants, allowing your crop to develop more structural support to cater to larger yields.
Root stimulants are also an ideal solution for growers who struggle with root rot, which makes this hydroponic nutrient a good choice for the germination, vegetative, and flowing phase of the plant’s life.
3. Hydroponic Nutrient: Mycorrhizae/Bacteria, Enzymes, and Vitamins
In addition to the base nutrients such as the N-P-K, plants also need fungal filaments like mycorrhizae to gather nutrients and maintain moisture. The fungi attach itself to the plant’s roots and feed on its sugars, making it a win-win situation for both organisms.
Keep in mind that mycorrhizae establish better fungal colonies in environments like soil or coco coir, but there are hydroponic nutrients designed to work well in a hydroponic set-up.
4. Hydroponic Nutrient: Bloom Booster
Bloom boosters are the go-to choice among farmers as it can complement any base nutrient, making it an excellent source of potassium and phosphorus. Adding the appropriate number of bloom booster into the plant’s feed can boost the density of the plant’s buds and flowers, leading to healthier and more impressive yields.
In Conclusion: Know What Your Plants Need
Plants need specific nutrients to aid their growth – be it for enhancing growth rate for speedier culling time, improving root support, or maximising the plant’s yield. The guide above should clue you in on the best hydroponic nutrients that suit your needs, and when done right, you can expect to reap a fruitful batch.
If you’re looking for a hydroponic plant enhancer, get in touch with us today to see how we can help.